The INCAS is a systematic approach for Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) of GHG emissions, including for REDD+ activities. It is also designed to support Indonesia’s broader requirements under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). These include GHG reporting for the Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use (AFOLU) sectors, and tracking progress against the country’s emissions reduction targets.

The INCAS is designed as a Tier 3 level GHG accounting system. It generates detailed information on historical, present, and future projections of emissions and removals from land-based activities. It can be scaled to provide GHG accounting at provincial and district (i.e. subnational) levels.